Safety production knowledge publicity column (1)
(1) Safe production Safe production refers to the personal safety, equipment and product safety, and transportation safety of enterprises and institutions in the labor production process. That is to say, in order to ensure that the labor process is carried out under the material conditions and work order that meet the safety requirements, prevent casualties, equipment accidents and various disasters, and ensure the safety and health of workers and the normal progress of production and labor processes. measures and activities undertaken. (2) Safety management Enterprise safety management refers to the use of various means based on national laws, regulations and technical standards to monitor the safety status of enterprise production,
(1) Safe production
Safe production refers to the personal safety, equipment and product safety, and transportation safety of enterprises and institutions in the labor production process. In other words, in order to ensure that the labor process is carried out under the material conditions and working order that meet the safety requirements, to prevent the occurrence of casualties, equipment accidents and various disasters, to ensure the safety and health of workers, and to carry out the normal operation of production and labor processes, various measures and all activities are carried out.
(2) Safety management
Enterprise safety management refers to all activities based on national laws, regulations and technical standards, and adopting various means to effectively restrict the safety status of enterprise production.
An accident is an accident that results in death, occupational disease, injury, property loss and damage, or other loss.
(4) Casualty accidents
It refers to personal injury and acute poisoning accidents that occur in the process of labor and production.
(5) Attempted accident
It refers to an event caused by equipment and human error that may cause an accident, but does not cause injury or injury to employees or property due to reasons such as people or other protective devices. Near misses are also commonly referred to as quasi-accidents.
(6) Natural disaster accidents
Accidents caused by forces that human beings cannot resist.
(7) Liability accidents
Accidents caused by errors in design, construction, operation or command.
(8) Hidden dangers of accidents
Hidden dangers of accidents refer to the unsafe state of workplaces, equipment and facilities, unsafe behaviors of people and management defects, which are the direct causes of safety accidents.
(9) Unsafe conduct
Unsafe behavior is a dangerous practice such as violation of labor discipline, operating procedures and methods by employees in the process of professional activities, and it is also part of the "three violations".
(10) Commanding in violation of regulations
Forcing employees to operate in violation of national laws, regulations, rules and regulations, or operating procedures.
(11) Illegal operations
Acts of employees who do not comply with rules and regulations and take risks in operation.
(12) The phenomenon of "three violations"
It refers to the phenomenon of "illegal command, illegal operation, and violation of labor discipline".
(13) 3. No harm
It means that in the process of production operations, we must not harm ourselves, do not harm others, and do not be hurt by others.
(14) The principle of "four never let go"
It means that when handling an accident, it is necessary to ensure that the cause of the accident is not clarified, the employees are not educated and not let go, the preventive measures to prevent the recurrence of similar accidents are not implemented, and the relevant responsible personnel of the accident are not seriously handled.
(15) Occupational safety and health
Measures taken in the field of work for the purpose of ensuring the safety and health of employees in the course of professional activities and in the areas of law, technology, equipment, organizational system and education. Synonyms: occupational safety and health.
(16) Personal protective equipment
Personal wearable articles provided to protect employees from or mitigate injuries from accidents and occupational hazards in the course of their professional activities. Synonyms: labor protection equipment.
(17) Occupational diseases
It refers to diseases caused by exposure to dust, radioactive substances and other toxic and harmful substances in workers' occupational activities.
(18) Labor protection for female employees
Special protection for the physiological characteristics of female employees during menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, lactation, etc., in terms of work task allocation and working hours.
(19) Special equipment
Equipment identified by the state that is prone to accidents due to the influence of the equipment itself and external factors, and once an accident occurs, the risk of personal injury or death and major economic losses is greater.
(20) Special operations
Operations identified by the state that have major risk factors for the safety of the operator and the personnel and facilities around him.
(21) Special types of work
A collective term for the job categories of personnel engaged in special operations.
(xxii) Risk factors
Factors that can cause death or injury to people or sudden damage to objects.
(23) Harmful factors
Factors that can affect people's physical health, cause diseases, or cause chronic damage to things.
(xxiv) Harmful gases
Generally refers to gases that harm human health and endanger operational safety under certain conditions, including toxic gases, combustible gases and asphyxiating gases.
(25) Ventilation and dust prevention
Measures to discharge and dilute dusty air by ventilation.
(xxvi) Respiratory dust
Fine dust particles that can be inhaled into the alveolar area of the human body.